Noun. Late 20th century.
[from BIO- + ARCHI)TECTURE.]
The use of living plants as an integral part of the design of buildings.
I once visited a house that was on a piece of land adjacent to a very busy railway line. Running the length of the track was a high wooden wall, hollow-framed but filled with earth and seeded so that it had become completely engulfed in green foliage. The owner explained that the purpose of this living wall was for the earth and greenery to absorb the noise from the passing trains and, as I noted when a train did pass with little more than a soft hum and gentle vibration underfoot, the effect was impressive. Aesthetically, too, it was a quite magnificent structure, and was my first experience of biotecture.
Many other examples of biotecture exist, with interior and exterior walls being designed with hydroponic systems to sustain the plant life integral in their design. Advantages of such biotecture are said to include added beauty and aesthetics, improved air quality and benefits to the mental health and well-being of those using the building.
Have you lived or worked in a building that uses biotecture? Do you have any thoughts on its use?
Do please leave your comments below.