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[ blōd, of Germanic origin; related to German Blut and Dutch bloed.]
1A. A complex fluid, red when oxygenated and containing various suspended cells,
circulating in the arteries and veins of the higher animals;
the corresponding fluid in other multicellular organisms. ME
1B. A liquid or juice resembling blood (always with a conscious reference to the primary sense). ME
2A Blood that is shed, in theological writing especially sacrifice, as that of Christ; the taking of life. OE
2B The guilt of bloodshed. OE
2C A blood-and-thunder story. Frequently in penny blood. Usually in plural. archaic. L19
3 obsolete Vital fluid; the vital principle; life. ME-M18
4A The blood as the supposed seat of emotion; passion, temperament, mettle. ME
4B The blood as the supposed seat of animal or sensual appetite; sexual desire. ME
5A The blood as the vehicle of hereditary characteristics or relationship;
consanguinity; parentage, lineage; family, race, nationality. ME
5B Persons of any specified blood or family collectively; kindred. ME
5C Good parentage or stock. LME
5D One's offspring; a near relative. archaic. LME
5E A fellow black person. US Black English. M20
6 obsolete. A living being. Only in ME
7 obsolete. A disease in sheep or swine. E16-L18
8A A rowdy, a roisterer; a dandy; a rake. Now archaic or Historical. M16
8B A leader of fashion, especially at a public school or university. slang. L19
9 (Bloods) Plural. A member of a N.American Indian people belonging to the Blackfoot confederacy. L18
It's a good job that I'm not haemophobic, as this has been a bloody post to research. Considering the vital nature of blood, it's hardly surprising that it's so firmly rooted in the English language and forms some of our most colourful and graphic phrases. While I don't want to stir up bad blood by dwelling on the negative, blood and iron draws first blood as a phrase that means military force (as opposed to diplomacy). Even individually, if one's blood is up, one can be out for a person's blood. Whether or not one can kill in cold blood (deliberately and without passion) or one is blood-thirsty and driven by blood-lust, bloodshed is inevitable. After the graphicly termed blood-bath, the survivors weary and blood-boltered (hair matted with blood), the victors can only rue their blood-guilt and whatever paltry, ill-gotten blood-money they were paid for their sacrifice.
It's not all blood-curdling horror and violence, however. One's family is one's blood, and blood-relatives, whether new blood or old, are closer than anyone, commonly expressed in the saying that blood is thicker than water (meaning family ties are more important than anything else). You might even be blue-blooded if you're from a royal line (the expression blue blood originates from the Spanish sangre azul and the claim by certain noble families of the Castile that they had no Moorish or Jewish in them, thus leading to their paler complexions and 'bluer' appearance). Care must be taken with family, however, as blood-feuds can easily develop, leading to the type of violence described above.
Do you know of any other bloody English expressions, idioms or phrases?
Are there any bloody phrases in your language?
I heartily predict that getting bloody comments will not be akin to getting blood from a stone.
(or turnip, depending on where you're from)