Wednesday, 26 February 2014

Cataract - The Portcullis of the Eye

A man with a cataract, and a blurred photograph of the same man
A depiction of how a cataract may affect someone's sight
(photo by Clare Louise Thomas, courtesy of ORBIS)

CATARACT

Noun & verb. Late Middle English.
[Latin cataracta waterfall, floodgate, portcullis, from Greek kataractes, -rrh- down-rushing (water etc.),
probably from katarassein formed as CATA- + arassein strike, smash. In sense 2 apparent figurative use of sense 'portcullis'.]

A1(a) noun. obsolete. In plural. Floodgates, specifically of heaven (Genesis 7:11, 8:2). LME-L17

A1(b) noun. transferred. A waterspout. M16-M17

A2 noun. MEDICINE. (A condition of) partial or complete opacity of the lens of the eye. LME

A3 noun. A waterfall, specifically a large and sheer one; a torrent. L16

A4 noun. obsolete. A portcullis; the grating of a window. rare. M17-M19

B1 verb trans. Pour in a torrent. rare. L18

B2 verb intrans. Fall in or like a cataract. M19

Also:
cataractal adj. of the nature of a cataract. L19
cataractic obs. adj. (rare) cataractal. L17-E19
cataractous adj. of or affected by cataract of the eye. E19

Cataract arrived in English via the Greek for 'waterfall', was adopted into Latin to also mean 'portcullis', which was then figuratively applied to the ubiquitous eye condition; few etymologies in the English language convey with such poignancy the human story behind a word. For the approximately 20 million people that suffer from cataracts worldwide, their sight can become just like straining to look through a static sheet of water, or oil smeared on a pane of glass. Causing 51% of the world's blindness and disproportionately hitting developing countries due to limited access to eye care, cataracts become like a portcullis in not only being a physical barrier to good sight, but a social barrier that limits opportunities in work, education and mobility.

Do please leave any comments in the box below.

84 comments:

  1. My grandmother - maternal grandmother - had it in both her eyes and she did a surgery back on the time it was tough on you... I say on the time because the other day a colleague went through the procedure to remove in one eye and returned that afternoon to the office to file something. Times change!
    But I always wondered if the eyes' disease was named after the waterfall... I've never been behind a cataract - visiting is not good for me; I'll become depressed of how many things I haven't done YET ;) :kidding: - but I imagine you see all that stands beyond the wall of water in the same way people with cataracts describe their vision.
    Now, thanks to you, I know it is so... I wonder why humans don't research more on the things they wonder?! It must be so we can learn with those who do, like you. Thank you!

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. Hi Teresa. Yes, it seems if you're fortunate enough to live in a place where it's available (and affordable), cataract treatment is quite effective these days. It doesn't seem completely clear among etymologists whether the word for the eye condition came from the sense of 'waterfall' or 'portcullis' (the OED seems to put more emphasis on the portcullis theory), while it's clear that the idea of a portcullis - a sheetlike vertical barrier that comes crashing down - did come from the idea of a waterfall. Whichever it ultimately is, or if it's a combination of both, its imagery is most fitting for the condition.

      And you're very welcome, of course, Teresa - it's great to have you reading and commenting here, so thank you : o )

      Delete
  2. This would in the end need an ophthalmologist's referral. So, it is better to let the eye doctor prescribe it to prevent complications.ophthalmic products

    ReplyDelete

  3. Nice to be visiting your blog again, it has been months for me. Well this article that i’ve been waited for so long. I need this article to complete my assignment in the college, and it has same topic with your article. Thanks, great share.
    Eye Care Miami

    ReplyDelete
  4. This is truly a great read for me. I have bookmarked it and I am looking forward to reading new articles. Keep up the good work!. Eye Care

    ReplyDelete
  5. Want to know what is retinitis pigmentosa treatment? Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) is a genetic blind eye condition, people face loss of vision. Condition becomes worsen over time. Vitamin A palmitate supplements may be useful to slow worsening.

    ReplyDelete
  6. I think this is a really good article. You make this information interesting and engaging. You give readers a lot to think about and I appreciate that kind of writing. Eye Health Tips

    ReplyDelete
  7. I truly relish whilst I go through your blogs and articles.Lasik eye surgery Visit Site https://yaldoeyecenter.com/

    ReplyDelete
  8. You make so many great points here that I read your article a couple of times. Your views are in accordance with my own for the most part. This is great content for your readers.
    best source for Download Latest PC Software

    ReplyDelete
  9. Hi,

    Thanks for sharing this great post keep up the good work your article is very informative i am also running a chatting website with some top country chat room such as

    Yahoo Chat Room / UK Chat Rooms / USA Chat Rooms / Strangers Chat Rooms

    ReplyDelete
  10. Time and again, people try to get laser eye surgery before their eyesight stabilizes. After the surgery they can see clearly for several months,
    https://yaldoeyecenter.com/can-you-have-lasik-over-50/

    ReplyDelete
  11. This blog website is pretty cool! How was it made ! lasik Michigan

    ReplyDelete
  12. Thank you sharing information. Wonderful blog & good post.Its really helpful for me, awaiting for more new post. visit
    Digital marketing institute in Jaipur
    Digital Marketing Course in Jaipur

    ReplyDelete
  13. It is a great website.. The Design looks very good.. Keep working like that!. eyelid tuck procedure

    ReplyDelete
  14. If your looking for Online Illinois license plate sticker renewals then you have need to come to the right place.We offer the fastest Illinois license plate sticker renewals in the state. บำรุงสายตา

    ReplyDelete
  15. Some truly wonderful work on behalf of the owner of this internet site , perfectly great articles . https://yaldoeyecenter.com/lasik-grand-rapids-mi/

    ReplyDelete
  16. Hi, There!
    Its amazing to read such article i was searching for brands stickers

    ReplyDelete
  17. Great post mate, thank you for the valuable and useful information. Keep up the good work! FYI, please check these depression, stress and anxiety related articles:

    20 Ways to calm your mind – How to calm your mind

    22 Ways To Become More Positive – How To Become Positive

    25 Ways To Forget Unwanted Memories – How to Forget a Bad Memory

    Top 25 Ways To Reduce Stress – How To Reduce Stress

    21 Ways To Get Rid Of Anger – How To Get Rid Of Anger

    you can also contact me at depressioncure.net@gmail.com for link exchange, article exchange or for advertisement.

    Thanks

    ReplyDelete
  18. I haven’t any word to appreciate this post.....Really i am impressed from this post....the person who create this post it was a great human..thanks for shared this with us. Eye Massagers with Heat

    ReplyDelete
  19. Staring at the screen for a long time can cause significant eye strain. This could even cause visual problems. Making a few minor changes and following a few exercises could be all that is required for effective eye care how bad is my eye prescription

    ReplyDelete
  20. http://www.dronestagr.am/author/apexdspa/
    http://hawkee.com/profile/674670/
    https://gfycat.com/@apexdspa
    http://www.artofsaving.com/apexdspa-profile-16560
    http://www.lawyersclubindia.com/profile.asp?member_id=486272
    https://www.sideprojectors.com/project/project/11508/apex-d-spa
    https://ficwad.com/a/apexdspa

    ReplyDelete
  21. http://www.artofsaving.com/myapexdspa-profile-16541
    https://www.caclubindia.com/profile.asp?member_id=2834301
    https://www.spine-health.com/forum/profile/194409/myapexdspa
    http://www.lawyersclubindia.com/profile.asp?member_id=486289
    https://www.sideprojectors.com/project/project/11510/myapexdspa
    https://ficwad.com/a/myapexdspa
    https://www.patreon.com/user/creators?u=21456657
    https://theconversation.com/profiles/myapex-dspa-762871

    ReplyDelete
  22. Stiffness will be decreased or relieved with full body to body massage Service in huaz khas, south delhi. We are one of the best spa centers in Delhi at effective prices. Call Now & Book Appointment : +91-8527275332, 011-41022732

    ReplyDelete
  23. A very excellent blog post. I am thankful for your blog post. I have found a lot of approaches after visiting your post. real relax massage chair

    ReplyDelete
  24. I admire this article for the well-researched content and excellent wording. I got so involved in this material that I couldn’t stop reading. I am impressed with your work and skill. Thank you so much. hudson valley cataract surgery

    ReplyDelete
  25. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  26. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  27. Better eye wellbeing is advanced by regular flickering, as per eye experts. Contact focal points demoralize continuous squinting, as the eyelid perceives a remote surface and the contact focal point meddles with the common moisturization that happens with incessant flickering that ordinarily averts eye issues.
    Eye Care

    ReplyDelete
  28. thanks for sharing this awesome article to viewers keeep it up and alwaays share this kind stuff or us thanks

    Chat
    Chat room
    Indian chat room
    https://chat.org.in

    ReplyDelete
  29. Awesome article, it was exceptionally helpful! I simply began in this and I'm becoming more acquainted with it better! Cheers, keep doing awesome! Лечение и профилактика катаракты

    ReplyDelete
  30. Aromatherapy Massage therapy is superbly comforting therapies join intensely soothing

    massage therapy method with the use of smart essential oils. These oils are extracting from plants and have been used for thousands of years to benefit physical, mental and emotional health. Full body relaxation massage therapy with aromatherapy oils embrace your back, the front and back of your legs, your feet, your arms and your chest. For the period of an hour of treat, this cure will totally relax you and help take out stress. It's a wonderful solution to the stress of present life.

    ReplyDelete
  31. I read a article under the same title some time ago, but this articles quality is much, much better. How you do this.. best eye massagers

    ReplyDelete

  32. Great job for publishing such a beneficial web site. Your web log isn’t only useful but it is additionally really creative too. If you are looking for professional eye color change surgery, then we are the best option for you. Get assisted by us today by visiting our website. Eye Color change surgery

    ReplyDelete
  33. Their two biggest reasons refered to were that a considerable lot of their advertisements were winding up appended to substance of questionable quality, Digital Market service

    ReplyDelete
  34. Tenable and pro computerized advertising isn't just about creating leads. You have to realize the strategies to change over those leads into clients. With the best possible advanced promoting procedure you can develop your customer base massively. blog comment service

    ReplyDelete
  35. page content and connecting systems that will assist it with arriving at top pursuit rankings. blog comments service in 1$

    ReplyDelete


  36. Apart from normal escorting, we will give you memorable experience with our Russian Escorts in Gurgaon. worth for you money. Just tell us what you want. We will try to full fill your each fantasy. Dinner with our beauty full girls, swim, bath, travel with your partner.
    Check our other services...
    Call Girls in Faridabad
    Russian Escorts in Faridabad
    Female Escorts in Faridabad
    Escorts in Faridabad

    ReplyDelete
  37. They typically use DLP (Digital Light Processing) to make a smooth high video execution, with little pixelation and high difference proportions.best projector screen

    ReplyDelete
  38. Meeting Room Projectors are for the most part used to give introductions and reports in gathering rooms for the most part.retractable projector screen

    ReplyDelete
  39. This is such a great resource that you are providing and you give it away for free. I love seeing blog that understand the value of providing a quality resource for free. Reading To Heathrow Transfers

    ReplyDelete
  40. Keeping up work capacity in this way employability for the duration of working life. buy modvigil in usa

    ReplyDelete
  41. I like the many blogposts, I seriously liked, I want details about it, since it is rather wonderful., Cheers pertaining to expressing. Call Girls in Islamabad

    ReplyDelete
  42. thank you for allow me to comment here your article is so good and help full for our work if anyone want take escorts service in Karachi so Contact 03071113332 or visit our website
    Escorts in Karachi
    Karachi Escorts

    ReplyDelete
  43. I can’t imagine focusing long enough to research; much less write this kind of article. You’ve outdone yourself with this material. This is great content. RENEW cellular peptide

    ReplyDelete
  44. I exactly get what you mean, thanks for posting. we provide Best eye doctor in Westchester at low cost. to know more visit our website.

    ReplyDelete
  45. If you never had the experience with any escort service then, we will be the best to provide you a lifetime memorabilia of Karachi Escorts because we don’t set the expectations we just prove it.

    You will never regret your decision after choosing our VIP Call Girls In Islamabad as we have the most sexually active high quality call girls who are really engaged in providing full satisfaction to all your erotic needs.

    You can really get to fulfill all your unique needs and desires and these hot models can give you amazing and erotic services.Escorts In Lahore

    ReplyDelete
  46. Our escorts agency likewise resolve to offer every one of those types of support what we have submitted previously. Our Call Girls In Lahore are talented and realize very well how to manage an honorable men.

    ReplyDelete
  47. Escorts Searching in the best and quality with the real and verified Escorts Agency Only we are here To provide Independent and young Models who provide Escorts Services Escorts In Karachi

    ReplyDelete
  48. I genuinely enjoyed this. It was incredibly educational and useful. I will return to examine on upcoming posts Escorts in Lahore

    ReplyDelete
  49. This particular looks for example certainly superb. Most of these slight tips are made using availablility of cosmetic foundation interest. I like to him or her appreciably. Escorts in Islamabad

    ReplyDelete
  50. Have you ever thought about creating an e-book or guest authoring on other sites? I have a blog based upon on the same subjects you discuss and would love to have you share some stories/information. I know my visitors would value your work. If you are even remotely interested, feel free to shoot me an e mail. Islamabad Escorts

    ReplyDelete
  51. Aw, it was a very good post. In idea I would like to devote writing such as this furthermore,?¡ìC spending time and specific work to produce a great article?- nonetheless so what can I say?- I waste time alot and never at all seem to obtain one thing completed. Islamabad Escorts

    ReplyDelete
  52. I adore your wp web template, wherever would you obtain it through? Escorts in Karachi

    ReplyDelete
  53. I beloved as much as you’ll obtain performed proper here. The comic strip is attractive, your authored subject matter stylish. however, you command get got an nervousness over that you want be handing over the following. in poor health indisputably come further previously again since exactly the same nearly a lot often inside case you defend this hike. Escorts in Karachi

    ReplyDelete
  54. However, always use caution when becoming a member of small less known online dating sites. Sadly, a number of these sites are merely scams setup to lure unsuspecting individuals buying a little romance into emptying their pocketbooks. Call Girls in Lahore

    ReplyDelete
  55. When you book Call Girls In Lahore Our Sexiest escorts will become your girlfriend and
    gives you immense happiness and satisfaction throughout the whole time
    Call Girls in Lahore
    Lahore Call Girls

    ReplyDelete
  56. Welcome to our site As you'll find the most appealing and most experienced young women here.
    whatsapp:- 03001266969
    Female Escorts in Lahore
    Hot Escorts in Lahore

    ReplyDelete
  57. Welcome to our site As you'll find the most appealing and most experienced young women here.
    whatsapp:- 03001266969
    Model Escorts in Islamabad
    Cheap Escorts in Islamabad

    ReplyDelete
  58. We only have real girls who want to do whatever service you need. We provide our services reliably all over Lahore,
    and the gentleman can book us anytime.
    Sexy Escorts in Lahore
    Professional Escorts in Lahore

    ReplyDelete
  59. I generally check this kind of article and I found your article which is related to my interest. Genuinely, it is good and instructive information about catract. Thanks for sharing an amazing article here. cataracts surgery toledo

    ReplyDelete
  60. Are You Looking for the Best Escorts Provider than it is the Right Place? Hare, you find all types of call girls and escorts for your sexual needs. Call us now for Booking: 03001266969 Pakistan escorts

    ReplyDelete
  61. Welcome to Escorts Girls Provider. We Provide Cheap Escorts, Models, Call Girls, Housewives, Sexy, VIP, Hot, and Luxury escorts. Call us now for Booking: 03001266969 >Escorts in Jamshed Town Karachi

    ReplyDelete
  62. We Provide Best Escorts and Call girls in all Cities, Hotels and Local areas of Pakistan. Call us now for Booking: 03001266969 Hot Call Girls in Lahore

    ReplyDelete
  63. Thanks for Sharing information this information is very helpful and useful for me and other persons. I like your work. when you feel free to check my webpage. high end jewelry boxes deluxeboxes.com

    ReplyDelete
  64. ===============================================================================

    Try not to burn through your time in getting Dwarka accompanies

    Visit: Escorts in Dwarka


    Top Low-Cost Call Girls in Dwarka.

    Get Services: Call Girls in Dwarka


    Phenomenal Lavish escorts administration in Gurgaon on your offer

    Go With: Escorts in Gurgaon


    Prominent young ladies in Gurgaon let you experience exotic euphoria past your experience

    Website: Call Girls in Gurgaon


    Hot call young ladies for wild evenings in Gurgaon

    Website: Call Girls in Gurgaon


    Our Escorts: Beauties Like Models

    Visit:Call Girls in Haridwar


    Premium and top-class Haridwar Escorts Agency!

    Go With: Call Girls in Haridwar

    ReplyDelete